Research and canada and dating violence

TDV, like IPV in adulthood, impacts adolescents from all races, ethnicities, religions, and socioeconomic backgrounds [5].Not surprisingly, the prevalence of TDV among specific populations is also debated.Although some confusion remains, the definition and epidemiology of TDV is better understood which has greatly lead to effective ways in which to screen and intervene when such violence is detected.

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Teen dating violence (TDV)--defined as psychological, physical, and sexual aggression within the dating relationship of an adolescent aged 13–19 by a member of either a heterosexual or same sex couple is highly prevalent among all adolescents [1,2**,3**].

However, TDV is more prevalent in populations engaging in other high-risk behaviors including alcohol use, drug use, suicidal ideation, and high-risk sexual behaviors [3**,4].

Studies examining other aspects of TDV report high rates of exposure to sexual and psychological TDV [**3,10,11].

Young women, ages 16–20, have been consistently found to experience the highest rates of relationship violence, even when compared to adult women [10].

However, the significant differences in psychological, physical, and intellectual development between adolescents and adults make comparisons between IPV in adulthood and TDV problematic [5].

Because of their developmental stage, a typical adolescent may be less capable of utilizing positive relationship skills and more likely to use anger, physical aggression, and emotional abuse in conflicts [6].

Although incidence and prevalence data indicates high rates of exposure to TDV among adolescents throughout the United States, significant confusion remains in healthcare communities concerning the definition and implications of TDV.

Additionally, healthcare providers are uncertain about effective screening and intervention methods.

The lack of consensus in definition also leads to confusion in assessing the long and short-term effects of TDV as well as appropriate screening and prevention strategies [9].

In studies utilizing the Youth Risk Behavior Survey where researchers often strictly define TDV as exposure to physical abuse, lower percentages of adolescents screen positive for TDV [2**,4].

TDV is a widespread public health crisis with serious short and long-term implications.

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